U.S. stocks have clawed back a significant proportion of their losses from the first half of the year, but the three major equity indexes tumbled this week under reviving fears about interest-rate increases by the Federal Reserve, and there are signs that the bulk of the bear-market rally is already behind us, said Citigroup’s analysts.
According to strategists at Citi Research, the current bear-market rally is almost in line with the length of an average bear-market bounce, and sentiment has already improved as much as it typically does during regular bear-market rallies, which would suggest a possible end to the rally relatively soon.
“Bear market rallies are often sentiment driven, as the market just becomes too bearish,” wrote Citi Research strategists led by Dirk Willer, the managing director and head of emerging market strategy, in a note on Thursday. “More fundamentally, many bear-market rallies are driven by hopes that the Fed comes to the rescue. The current one is no different, as the Fed pivot narrative has been an important catalyst.”
In particular, the chart below shows that the AAII bull-bear indicator, one of the closely watched investor sentiment surveys, is almost back to levels where bear-market rallies peak, with expectations that stock prices will rise over the next six months increasing 1.2 percentage points to 33.3% in the week of Aug. 15, while bearish sentiment increased 0.5 percentage point to 37.2%.
Meanwhile, the SKEW index for the S&P 500, which measures the difference between the cost of derivatives that protect against market drops and the right to benefit from a rally, normalized almost as much as it does in the median bear-market rally (see chart below), said Citi Research. The index can be a proxy for investor sentiment and volatility.
Federal Reserve officials in July agreed that it was necessary to move their benchmark interest rate high enough to slow the economy to combat high inflation, while voicing concern that they may end up tightening monetary policy by more than necessary, according to the minutes of the Federal Open Market Committee’s July 26-27 meeting released Wednesday.
After the release of the meeting minutes, the St. Louis Fed President James Bullard said he was leaning toward another large rate rise of 75 basis points at the central bank’s September meeting. Meanwhile, Richmond Fed President Tom Barkin said the Fed “will do what it takes” to drive inflation back toward its 2% target, according to a Bloomberg report, while Reuters quoted Barkin as saying the results of the Fed’s efforts needn’t be “calamitous.”
According to Citi Research, a bear-market rally refers to a bounce equal to or larger than 10% that takes place between peak and trough. “If a new low is made after a 10% rally, the next rally of more than 10% is a separate bear market rally (or a bull market, if no new lows are made subsequently),” wrote strategists.
The S&P 500
was up 15.4% from its 52-week low of 3,666.77 on June 16, while the Dow Jones Industrial Average
rallied 12.9%, and the Nasdaq Composite
jumped 19.4% since its mid-June low, according to Dow Jones Market Data. In total, Citigroup noted that three indexes have experienced a 17% rally in the 42 trading days since June 16.
U.S. stocks finished the week sharply lower. The Dow Jones Industrial Average
dropped 292.30 points, or 0.9%, to finish at 33,706.74. . The S&P 500
was down 55.26 points, or 1.3%, to finish at 4,228.48. The Nasdaq Composite
decreased 260.13 points, or 2.0%, to 12,705.22.